101 alfred wegener — the father of plate tectonics alfred wegener (1880-1930) (figure 101) earned a phd in astronomy at the university of berlin in 1904, but he had always been interested in geophysics and meteorology and spent most of his academic career working in meteorology. In 1912 german meteorologist alfred wegener, impressed by the similarity of the geography of the atlantic coastlines, explicitly presented the concept of continental drift though plate tectonics is by no means synonymous with continental drift, the term encompasses this idea and derives much of its impact from it. Continental drift was a theory that explained how continents shift position on earth's surface set forth in 1912 by alfred wegener, a geophysicist and meteorologist, continental drift also.
Which scientist is credited for first proposing plate tectonics theory albert einstein alfred wegener abraham ortelius harry hess where one plate is going under another plate the atlantic ocean did not exist in earlier times alfred wegener noted that fossils from a particular type of reptile were found on both sides of the atlantic. Alfred wegener (1880-1930) earned a phd in astronomy at the university of berlin in 1904, but he had always been interested in geophysics and meteorology and spent most of his academic career working in meteorology. Quotes by others about alfred l wegener (1) his patience was proven justified when two decades later, the theory of plate tectonics provided a mechanism for the motion of the continents — chester r longwell some thoughts on the evidence for continental drift (1944.
Continental drift vs plate tectonics continental drift and plate tectonics are two theories explaining the geological evolution of the earth, specifically its crust continental drift continental drift is a theory first presented by abraham ortelius (abraham ortels) in 1596 the concept was independently developed by german geologist alfred wegener in 1912. Alfred lothar wegener was born in berlin on november i, 1880 he studied natural sciences at the university of berlin and earned a phd degree in planetary astronomy in 1904. Plate tectonics was originally called the “theory of continental drift” originated by alfred wegener the development of the theory is an excellent example of the application of the.
Wegener accompanied or led several harrowing expeditions there, as much for scientific measurement as for exploration the story of wegener’s last expedition is terrifying and riveting after reaching the german mid-ice station in november 1930, wegener was told there were not enough rations for the five men to winter over. Plate tectonics and continental drift jarðsaga 1 alfred wegener died on the greenland inland ice a day or two after his 50th birthday in november 1930 alexander du toit was a south african geologist after a visit to s america in 1923, du toit became a staunch supporter of. A masterful biography of alfred wegener (1880–1930), the german scientist who discovered continental drift visit for more information.
The author of the theory of continental drift—the direct ancestor of the modern theory of plate tectonics and one of the key scientific concepts of the past century—wegener also made major contributions to geology, geophysics, astronomy, geodesy, atmospheric physics, meteorology, and glaciology. 41 alfred wegener — the father of plate tectonics alfred wegener (1880-1930) (figure 41) earned a phd in astronomy at the university of berlin in 1904, but he had always been interested in geophysics and meteorology, and spent most of his academic career working in meteorology. This module describes how the work of alfred wegener, harry hess, and others led to our understanding of plate tectonics it explains plate tectonics as the driving force behind ongoing changes on earth.
Plate tectonics introduction continental drift seafloor spreading plate tectonics and observations collected during exploration of the rocks of the ocean floor the concept of continental drift was proposed by alfred wegener wegener suggested that the earth's continents once. Alfred wegener & harry hess 2 3 alfred wegener showed evidence in 1912 that dreamed of polar exploration continental drift wegener studied the atmosphere as a meteorologist he was earning rec- plate tectonics map, united states geologic survey (usgs. Alfred wegener the origins of continents and oceans (4th edition) this is certainly true of plate tectonics alfred wegener born on november 1, 1880, alfred lothar wegener earned a phd in astronomy from the university of berlin in 1904 however, he had always been interested in geophysics, and also became fascinated with the.
Today, alfred wegener’s name appears in almost every geology textbook he is celebrated as the father of the continental drift hypothesis, the forerunner of plate tectonics this recognition is rather recent — since about the early 1970s, when plate tectonics became a unifying theory to explain. Alfred wegener, courtesy of the alfred wegener institute for polar and marine research balloons and arctic air alfred lothar wegener was born in berlin, the son of a protestant pastor. 81 alfred wegener’s supercontinent 159 chapter 8: plate tectonics evidence for continental drift matching coal beds, mountains, and fossils wegener was not the only scientist to suggest that continents moved.